A Child’s Bedtime Prayer

John Henry Johnstone

Now I lay me down to sleep.
I pray the Lord my soul to keep.
If I should die before I wake,
I pray to God my soul to take.
If I should live for other days,
I pray the Lord to guide my ways.

Father, unto thee I pray,
Thou hast guarded me all day;
Safe I am while in thy sight,
Safely let me sleep tonight.
Bless my friends, the whole world bless;
Help me to learn helpfulness;
Keep me every in thy sight;
So to all I say good night.

Basic Spinning

Many people feel that while, interesting, spinning is a space intensive hobby. And while that is true to some extent, it is not a requirement. While you will have better quality thread at a much faster rate it is possible to spin simply with your fingers, but to do so more accurately and quickly you use a spindle.

The hand spindle is a stick with a small disc at its end. These discs can be made of wood, stone, clay, or metal and have a hole in the center for the spindle. The tool is called a drop spindle because it is lowered or "dropped" during spinning. The thread is tied to the spindle and twisted as the wheel rotates. The spinner adds more fibers to the yarn, taking them from a flake that holds with the hand or has been rolled onto a stick called the wheel.

However, the spinster often stops and winds the thread produced in the spindle. The spinners have made yarns like this all over the world until the mechanical spinning lathe was invented.

Machining Quality Material

The high production in the spinning process to save time leads to the reduction in yarn quality. The technological changes that have occurred today are remarkable. Modern machines reach the production rate of 60 – 100 kilograms/hour which is remarkable when compared to only 5 – 10 kilograms/hour which was possible until 1970. Great advantages have brought us new machinery, as they reduce production time and less physical effort.

Today spinning equipment is fed by rolls directly, the operator, according to the type of machines will be in charge of a section and that section will be constituted from four to eight teams. The fundamental operations applied by the card are stretching and continuous cleaning for the case of natural fibers.

The cotton card differs from the bar in that the latter is larger because of the physical characteristics of the wool, another type of card is the one used for the production of non-wovens that serves to manufacture disposable cleaning materials, mouth covers, layers of diapers etc.

In the conventional spinning processes there is the tendency to omit the flap due to the accommodation or adaptation of continuous production processes, by direct feeding mainly in medium to higher quality fibers, groups of feeders, loaders are used and mixers coupled and in sequence with the card. Although the flap is also still applied in lower quality fibers, for thick articles, for cleaning materials and in opening of short, artificial and synthetic fibers.

Washing Your Crochet Garments

To wash the fabrics we produce when we crochet it is preferable to always do it by hand, which is easier on them and better than by machine. The continuous rubbing of the clothes in the washing machine deteriorates the yarn much faster than if washing by hand, so we do it the traditional way.

For this we will use warm water. If the water is too hot you can deform the fibers and cause it to become unsightly.

It is ideal to use a mild detergent. It will serve to use any of those that are on the market and that are indicated for wool and delicate garments.

We will mix the detergent with the water before inserting the clothes and not after.

We will wash the garment carefully, without twisting the fabric or tightening it.

Finally we will rinse it very well with abundant water, also warm.

Once washed, we'll let it lose excess water. For this it is best to lay the crochet work horizontally.

Depending on the garment in question, we can dry it between two towels, which will trap the excess moisture of our fabric.

If we hang a piece of crochet too wet, it will deform by the weight of the water. When this happens it is hard to make it regain its original size and shape.

When we want to wash a lace that we have just finished making (I dreaded this the first time), we will follow the same washing guidelines and let it dry between towels.

To finish drying and prevent it from losing its shape, we will finish the drying by gently hanging it on a line or rack, you can use clothes pins.

The drying process will always be done in the shade if you hang it outside, to prevent the sun from yellowing or altering the color of our garments.

If, despite the possible deterioration, we want to machine-wash the fabrics, we will first have checked that the original material (I keep a record of what I used when producing a garment) allowed this type of cleaning and under what conditions. The ball gives us this data when you buy them so save your packaging (or at least the care instructions). If we have doubts, we'll first wash the piece we did as a sample.

We will use a washing bag or net when placing it in a washing machine, this reduces stress during washing. It needs to be closed tightly, because if the bag does not close well, our fabric will come out in the spinning process.

It is also important that the bag fits the size of what we want to wash. If the bag is too large, it will be the same as not using it at all. If this is the case, we must adjust the bag in such a way that it adapts to the volume of the garment it contains. Otherwise the item can still deform.

When the washing process is complete there should be minimal damage to the item.

In Silver Meadow

Where does the wind carry us? It sails us across the sea and sweeps us through the meadows.

Glide with me on sun-graced sea
The waves glide, fair and grave.
The sparrows glide, divine and inseparable?
My meadow, blessed with silver, my divine one.

Let Your Fantasy Lead Your Wheel

Fantasy threads are made in twists, combining different types of these into various forms. Fantasy threads are used in sweaters and woven dresses, for upholstery fabrics and for the decoration of fabrics for men's and women's suits. These threads are often made with mixtures of natural fibers and made by man. In any case, they are designed for a specific end use, and can be varied by numerous possible combinations of fibers, twists, dubbings and colors.

Types of fantasy threads:


It is one of the most used fantasy threads. Bouclé (French hairlock) is a type of fabric whose surface resembles rip binding. Bouclé is made partly or entirely from hair yarn and effect twirl, often using knots, bumps and slings. It is characterized by tight waves that are projected from the body of the thread at moderately regulated intervals. Bouclé yarn is used for woven sweaters, knitted and flat knit dresses and upholstery fabrics. The fabric can be used for dresses and coats as well. The ratiné yarn is similar in construction to the bouclé, but the waves are continuously twisted and are not spaced.

Chenille Thread/Stumpwork

Chenille is a term derived from a French word meaning caterpillar. It refers to a luxurious yarn especially soft, with hair coming out everywhere. Combed wool is usually mixed with other fibers. This type of chenille yarn is used for clothing made of knitted fabric for external use. In thicker threads, chenille is used to obtain prominent superficial effects on suits and coats. .

Another type of chenille yarn is often called chenille skin, used for chenille rugs.

Metallic Thread

The metal thread is a sheet of metal, aluminum, gold or silver, coated on both sides with a flat or colored plastic film and then cut into narrow ribbons. Plastic-coated metal wires do not become obscured. Metal threads have been produced by joining aluminum sheets between two layers of clear or transparent plastic film. This is the thread called the metal leaf type. A second class called.

Metallic type uses a layer of polyester film (mylar) treated with vaporized metal that is subsequently joined between two layers of transparent film.

Spotted/Mottled Threads

It is made by twisting many times in a short space one end of thread around another, causing some or elongated places (specks) on the surface of the thread. Sometimes a binder is used to hold the speck in place. Specks are usually spaced at varying intervals. Spotted threads are sometimes also called button threads.

Paper Thread

It is made by cutting and twisting wet paper to form individual thread ends, which are then woven into knitting work or in foot and weft fabrics like other threads. Since these yarns have strength they are suitable for making burlap, fiber mats, car seat covers, hats and handbags.

Plastic Thread

It is the coated yarn made of natural or synthetic fibers and that has been submerged in plastic that adheres forming a protective layer. It has the peculiarity of being highly resistant to tensile, elongation and the chemical agents that act on it, advantage that differentiates it from metal threads, very sensitive to oxidation and attack of acidic products.


Splashed is the thread with an elongated button that has been twisted forcefully and attached to a base thread. A seed thread is a thread provided with very small buttons, often made from man-made threads and applied to a natural or dyed base thread.

The button is a soft, elongated knuckle. The thread that forms these buttons can be continuous or can be made by wick flakes inserted at intervals between tie-down threads.

The Spinning Wheel

The spinning wheel is an instrument for spinning a clump of fibers.

This tool consists of a spindle, usually of wood, finished by a head in which the branch of fiber is inscribed that is spinning, which incorporates a wheel, and a pedal or crank .

When we are first exposed to the device we might think that the actual wheel part of a spinning wheel is what does all of the work. In fact it does not take place of the spindle, what it does instead, is that it automates the twisting process, allowing the spinner to "twist" the thread without having to constantly do so manually which was a very lengthy process. The size of the wheel, however, allows you to more finely control the amount of twist the finished thread is given. The thread still ends up on a spindle, just as it did pre-wheel.

Natural Homemade Fruit Popsicles

Something a little different today… Just the other dayI remember the summer afternoons I spent playing with my friends in the yard and snacking on ice cream! My grandfather made it for us, it was fruit ice cream, natural, healthy and homemade. There is no better way to fight the heat and enjoy a little treat!

Kids will love it and if they also participate in the creation they will like it that much more!

Melon Popsicles

  • 1 Honeydew Melon
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 2 lemons

We heat the water and sugar over medium flame, it is important that we do not stop stirring it so that the sugar does not stick. When the sugar is completely dissolved (it has to have syrup texture), we take it out of the heat and let it cool.

While the sugar syrup is cooling, peel the melon and clean it (remove the seeds). We cut it into very small pieces, we will need 4 cups of pieces (if they come out more we can set them aside for another occasion).

Squeeze the lemons and put your juice together with the syrup and half the melon pieces in a blender. Blend until smooth. Add the remaining pieces of melon and blend it well so that everything is integrated.

Pour the mixture into the molds and put it in the freezer. About an hour later the mixture will begin to thicken, it's time to stick the wooden stick in (if you are using those). Put the freezer back in until well frozen (about 5 hours).

Get to Know Yarn Stretch

Stretching is the thinning of a thread or wick by sliding fibers over each other. The numerical value of the E-stretch is given by the relationship between the final length of the and the primitive length prior to stretching. It's an abstract number, and it's always positive.

For example, if you have a thread with initial length 1m, feeding a machine that makes a stretch, and you get a thread with length 6m, then the produced stretch is calculated:

Stretching increases the output length, as a result, the thickness of the thread decreases, but the weight of the material on both sides of the machine remains constant. There is no reduction in the machine. Following the example, then the thread output has a length that is 6 times longer, but its diameter is one-sixth of the original thread.

As the purpose of the spinning is to obtain a thin mass of fibers (thread), it is expected that the material is fine-tuning its thickness during its pass in each of the processes, then, you must infer that every spinning machines perform a stretch. This is true and is one of the core principals of spinning.

Another important consequence of stretching is the parallelization of the fibers in the tape: Theoretically the thread could be taken directly to the spinning machine, but as the fibers are not yet parallel, would have a large number of ruptures, so it is necessary to carry out the thinning of mass of fibers in succession, in several stages. In this way, gradually the fibers straighten up when they slide over each other thanks to them being stretched.

The total stretching depends on:

  1. the type of material
  2. the content of short fibers
  3. the length of fiber

Combed Yarn

What was once an arduous process done by hand is now a highly specialized industrial technique. Combing the raw fibers that are used to make a thread or yarn is industry in and of itself. In this sector, the short fibers that carry unwanted plant material are removed, small impurities that still remain after the caring are separated and the fibers are processed.

This might seem like a waste, but these impurities are not beneficial to the

All this improves the uniformity of fiber length which is essential to achieve very fine yarns of good quality and strength.

The short fibers removed give rise to the sub product which is transported pneumatically to a press.

With regard to the production values stops achieved with state-of-the-art equipment fully automated, the order of ~70-75 kg per hour is reached, corresponding to about 500 strokes of the comb with a density of 80 gr/m. This high production is achieved thanks to computer synchronization throughout the line.

Costs today have been reduced dramatically compared to previous-generation machines, as significant energy savings have been achieved, fewer minor styling erasers thanks to excellent fiber selection and high machine efficiency and short machine downtime, among other improvements.

The fully automatic roll changer and thread splicer produce the best splice quality and the automatic roll transport system complete the features in the modern styling systems. Through these innovations the modern system was able to improve over the past machines